The relevance of the CKAM::
Sanitation has emerged as a key issue since the 2011 Census highlighted a glaring data on lack of toilets in the country by stating that over 26 million people in India defecate in the open. As per estimates, poor hygiene and sanitation facilities cost India 600,000 lives annually due to diarrhoea and other such diseases. As per Government data, India is home to 450 million people who do not have access to toilets and defecate in the open.
As per Census (2011) and Baseline Survey (BLS) 2012-13, the Karbi Anglong Districts have a population of 965,313 and 151654 no. of rural households (HH). Only 8.2% households have had access to proper toilet before SBM was launched, as per the BSL 2012-13. At present 48.60% households are now having toilets, which had been covered under this Mission. There is still a huge no. of 79792 households not having toilets in the district, setting a massive target of 51.40% HH without toilets, yet to be covered as well as many dysfunctional toilets. The Mission targets to provide proper sanitation to every individual household and to achieve Open Defecation Free (ODF) by October, 2019.However, the districts have resolved to achieve the target by 2nd Oct 2017.
Objectives of the CKAM::
The main objectives of the Mission is to eradicate open defecation and to achieve a healthy and clean society by 2019, by constructing toilets for households, communities; conversion of insanitary toilets to pour flush toilets; ushering in advanced municipal solid waste management practices like 10% collection and scientific processing/disposal, reuse/recycle of municipal solid wastes; encouraging private sector involvement in the sanitation sector and last, but not the least, by bringing about attitudinal change in people with regard to healthy sanitation practices. It also aims to make the streets, roads, infrastructures and the surroundings clean. The programme aims to accelerate the Swachh Bharat Mission in the district level and to generate awareness among the citizens about sanitation and its association with health.